Aurangabad is a city in Maharashtra which is 318 kilometres from Mumbai. This name comes from the last great Mughal emperor.
City celebrated its 400th anniversary in 2010.
From its creation to its apogee.
In 1610, Malik Ambar decided to create the city of Khadki. This former Ethiopian slave was a great strategist and a skilful administrator. He built a revolutionary irrigation system that uses only gravitational force to function. This system is still visible today in Panchakki.
In 1653, Aurangzeb conquered the city and decided to make it capital. At times, he was only Viceroy of Deccan. When he took power in 1658, he undertook to enlarge the city. He built 51 gates and a surrounding wall about 10 kilometres in circumference. With the door built by Malik Ambar (Bhadkal Gate), Aurangabad became the 52-door city, which represents the 52 weeks of the year. Aurangabad was the capital of the empire during the governance of Aurangzeb.
After the death of Aurangzeb and the decline of the Moghul empire, Aurangabad left with different empires (Nizam of Hyderabad, Marathi).
Today it is an industrial city of medium importance.
Maharashtra Touristic Capital:
Recently Maharashtra declared as touristic capital for its proximity to the sites of Ellora and Ajanta, both declared a UNESCO World Heritage site, the city suffers from a lack of consideration for its own heritage.
If you decide to come to Aurangabad, do not miss the monuments like the Bibi Ka Maqbara, the Panchakki, the Soneri Mahal, the Aurangabad caves or the gates that show the importance of Aurangabad in history. Few kilometres away, you can also admire the fort of Daulatabad and the valley of the saints named Khultabad.
Bibi Ka Maqbara: Nickname is the mini Taj Mahal, it is the best example of Mughal architecture.
Panchakki: Literally the watermill is a visible illustration of the genius Malik Ambar and his irrigation system.
Soneri Mahal: This is the last palace in Aurangabad. That name comes from the painting in pure gold that adorned the walls.
The caves of Aurangabad: This is a beautiful introduction to the sites of Ellora and Ajanta. They are almost exclusively Buddhist and cave no. 3 & 7 are precisely decorated.
The doors: there are only 13 doors out of the 52 that counted the city now. They are all Mughal style except Bhadkal Gate which is of Indo-Muslim style.
Daulatabad: This fort was the capital of many empires (Yadava, Bahmanis, Nizam Shahs of Ahmadnagar). This was captured by Shah Jan and from there, Mughal rule got start over the Deccan region.
Khultabad: This small fortified town has tomb of Aurangzeb, the last great Mughal emperor, tomb of the great Malik Ambar and tomb of several Sufism saints.